Lesson Resources for Canadian Educators - Xello 6-12

These resources can help you and your students get the most out of Xello's Lessons:

  • Use Discussion Prompts to engage your students and establish relevance for the topic of the lesson
  • Introduce key vocabulary prior to the lesson
  • Full lesson plans with pre- and post-activities are available for every Lesson
Lesson List 6th Grade 7th Grade 8th Grade
These grade levels are recommendations. Your school's lesson sequence may be different. Check out this article on how to view your lesson sequence. Decision Making

Interests

School Subjects at Work

Time Management
Biases and Career Choices

Discover Learning Pathways

Explore Learning Styles

Jobs and Employers
Explore Career Matches

Self-Advocacy

Skills

Transition to High School
9th Grade 10th Grade 11th Grade 12th Grade
Exploring Career Factors

Getting Experience

Personality Styles

Study Skills and Habits
Careers and Lifestyle Costs

Program Prospects

Work Values

Workplace Skills and Attitudes
Career Demand

Choosing a College or University

Entrepreneurial Skills

Work/Life Balance
Career Backup Plans

Career Path Choices

Defining Success

Job Interviews

Decision Making

In this lesson, students will understand the importance of making informed, responsible decisions when faced with important choices. They learn about the importance of considering the consequences of potential decisions, explore the difference between gut and logic decisions, and reflect on an important decision they've recently made.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
6 20 - 30 mins None
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What big decisions do you make now? What decisions are made for you?
  • Who or what influences your decisions the most?
  • What kind of big decisions do you think you'll have to make as an adult?
  • How do you know when you've made a good decision?
  • Should people make decisions with their head (based on facts) or with their heart (based on feelings)?
  • Options
  • Outcomes
  • Consequences
  • Informed guess
  • Advice
  • Perspectives
  • Logic
  • Gut

Downloadables


Interests

In this lesson, students will reflect on some of the interests they have saved in Xello's interest inventory, explore the link between interests and various careers, and investigate how their interests match up with a career they like.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
6 20 - 30 mins
  • Add at least 5 interests in About Me
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What are some things you enjoy doing?
  • How do you think your interests may change as you grow older?
  • What do your interests say about you?
  • How do your interests influence your options now and in the future? For example, have you joined a club based on one of your interests, or what jobs are you thinking about that are related to your interests?
  • If you could get paid for one of your interests, what would it be?
  • Interests
  • Hobbies
  • Passions
  • Interests categories
  • Favourite clusters

Downloadables


School Subjects at Work

In this lesson, students will relate school subjects to various tasks, reflect on their favourite school subject, and explore ways to use their favourite school subject in a career that interests them.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
6 20 - 30 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • If you were in charge of the school, what subjects would you require students to learn? Why?
  • What's your favourite subject? Why?
  • What subjects do you think are most useful to you now?
  • What subjects might be most useful to you in the future?
  • Why do you think subjects like math, English, science, etc. are taught in schools?
  • School subjects
  • Arts & Music
  • Language Arts
  • Math & Computers
  • Phys Ed
  • Science
  • Social Studies

Downloadables


Time Management

In this lesson, students will explain why time management is important in school and on the job, create a time budget to assess how they currently manage their time, and explore ways to improve their time management skills.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
6 20 - 30 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • Why is time management important?
  • How do you feel when you're running out of time to get something done? / How do you feel when you get something done ahead of time?
  • Would you say you're good at planning your time? Explain.
  • What are some things you would do/goals you might accomplish if you had more time in your day?
  • Do you think the ways you spend your time will change as you get older? Why?
  • Task management
  • Setting goals
  • Planning
  • Staying focused
  • Prioritizing
  • Organized
  • Analysing information
  • Procrastination

Downloadables


Biases and Career Choices

In this lesson, students will identify biases of gender, ethnicity, ability, and class in the workplace and explore how biases can influence career choices.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
7 20 to 30 mins None
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • How do people form their opinions about careers? Where do you learn or hear about different careers?
  • Can you think of any jobs people might have biases about?
  • What is a blue-collar job? Do you think some people think of blue collar jobs in a negative way?
  • What jobs do people often consider to be "men's" jobs? What about "women's" jobs? Why do you think people think of these jobs this way?
  • Do you know anybody who is in a job that's not traditional for their gender?
  • Bias
  • Race
  • Class
  • Ability
  • Gender

Downloadables


Discover Learning Pathways

In this lesson, students will investigate their postsecondary pathway options, explore the postsecondary pathways to various careers, and evaluate the pathways they could take to a career that interests them.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
7 30 to 40 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What are some ways that people can learn the career and life skills they need after high school?
  • What do you think is the most difficult part about deciding what kind of training to get after high school?
  • Can you choose more than one learning pathway? Why might you want to take one learning pathway right after high school and one later in life?
  • What are some reasons people go to college or university? What are some reasons people don't go to college or university?
  • Does learning stop right after you're done school or training? Why might someone want to keep learning as an adult who is working in a job?
  • Apprenticeship
  • College
  • Community living
  • Military
  • Straight to work
  • University
  • Technical school
  • Career path
  • Job responsibilities
  • Job requirements

Downloadables


Explore Learning Styles

In this lesson, students will investigate visual, auditory, and tactile learning styles, and explore how understanding their own learning style can help them in school and on the job.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
7 30 to 40 mins
  • Complete the Learning Styles quiz
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What's a learning style?
  • How do you think knowing your learning style can help you?
  • Do you think people can become better at learning?
  • How do you feel about yourself as a learner? What are you most proud of? What would you like to improve?
  • What are some obstacles you encounter when you're learning something new? How can you overcome these challenges?
  • Learning styles
  • Visual learning
  • Auditory learning
  • Tactile learning

Downloadables


Jobs and Employers

In this lesson, students will explore ways to find employment (e.g. job boards, networking, etc.), reflect on the advantages and disadvantages to various work search strategies, and research potential employers in their community.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
7 20 - 30 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What do you need when you're looking for a job?
  • How do people find jobs?
  • What qualities do you think employers look for in a potential employee?
  • Do you think it's more important to work in a job you like or for an employer you like?
  • What's the hardest part about finding a job?
  • What does networking mean? How can it help you find a job?
  • What are you looking for in an employer?
  • Job board
  • Networking
  • Responsibilities
  • Requirements
  • Relevant skills
  • Professional standards
  • Professional accreditation
  • Professional designation

Downloadables


Explore Career Matches

In this lesson, students will investigate central, secondary, and other aspects of the career match assessment, and how they relate to careers, reflect on their results, and explore the aspects for a career that interests them.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
8 30 to 40 mins
  • Complete the Matchmaker quiz
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • How are interests related to career choices?
  • Why is it a good idea to keep an open mind about careers you don't know much about yet?
  • How could you explore a career you've just heard of to see if you'd like it?
  • Do you think it's okay to cross a career off your list even if it scores high for you on Matchmaker?
  • Why is it important to think critically about any assessment results you get?
  • Career aspects
  • Likes & Dislikes
  • Interests
  • Explore
  • Options

Downloadables


Self-Advocacy

In this lesson, students will understand the concept of self-advocacy, identify situations where they may need to advocate for themselves or issues they may want to advocate for, identify skills and behaviors required to effectively advocate for themselves, such as leadership, confidence, and communication, and explore ways they can advocate for themselves in school, the community, at home, and in a career.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
8 20 to 30 mins None
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • "What's does it mean to speak up for yourself?
  • Why is it important to speak up for yourself? For others?
  • What is a situation where you might you need to speak up for yourself?
  • Why do you think it's sometimes hard to speak up for yourself?
  • What would happen if no one ever spoke up for what they believe in?
  • Self-advocacy
  • Speaking up
  • Self-confidence
  • Courage
  • Communicating
  • Persistence
  • Optimism
  • Problem solving
  • Leadership
  • Equality

Downloadables


Skills

In this lesson, students will explore the skills required to perform a various activities, as well as the link between their skills and career goals.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
8 30 to 40 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What is a skill? What are transferable skills?
  • What skills do you use at school? What skills do you use outside of school?
  • What skills are you most proud of? What are some skills you'd like to improve?
  • What skills do you think are required to perform some of the jobs at a school (e.g. teacher, principal, custodian)?
  • Think of someone who has a skill you admire. Why do you admire that skill?
  • Transferable skills
  • Skill building
  • Practice
  • Skill attainment

Downloadables


Transition to High School

In this lesson, students will explore ways to make their transition to high school easier and more successful. They identify questions and concerns they have about entering high school; explore clubs, activities, and other resources to help handle transition to high school; and develop other strategies to deal with transitions.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
8 20 to 30 mins
  • Save at least 5 interests
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What questions do you have about high school?
  • How do you think high school will be different from middle or elementary school?
  • Will you and your family have to change your routine once you go to high school (e.g. new times, new after-school activities, new transportation route, new homework schedule)? How can you make a plan together to get ready?
  • Has anyone talked to you about what high school is like? Who are some trusted people you could ask about high school?
  • What are you looking forward to most about going to high school?
  • Extracurricular activities
  • Academics
  • Peer pressure
  • Interests
  • Courses
  • Study periods / spares

Downloadables


Exploring Career Factors

In this lesson, students will further explore the Investigate important factors: work/life balance, money, making a difference, education, interests, growth; assess which of these 6 core factors are important to them when making a career decision, and why; and prioritize the 6 core factors that influence their career decisions.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
9 30 to 40 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • How do people decide on a career?
  • What do you think most people value most in a career?
  • What factors might you think about when evaluating different careers?
  • What career factors could you compromise on? What could you not compromise on?
  • Do you think everyone should use the same criteria when evaluating careers? Why or why not?
  • Career factors
  • Career demand
  • Education/training
  • Career field
  • Working conditions
  • Earnings/money
  • Growth
  • Interests
  • Making a difference
  • Work/Life balance

Downloadables


Getting Experience

In this lesson, students will explore different ways they can get work experience now. They identify several ways to get experience while still in school: community service / volunteerism, co-op programs, part-time job, internships, etc. and assess which type of experience is best suited for their career interests and goals.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
9 20 to 30 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
  • Add at least 3 experiences to the Experiences Timeline
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What are some examples of experiences you have had at school that have given you skills you could use at work?
  • How might hobbies, clubs, or other after-school activities give you skills you could use at work?
  • Why is volunteer experience valuable?
  • What resources could you use if you wanted to find a volunteer or job opportunity?
  • Which is more valuable: paid experience or unpaid experience?
  • Work experience
  • Volunteering
  • Skills
  • Job shadow
  • Co-op or work placement
  • Summer or part-time job
  • Internship

Downloadables


Personality Styles

In this lesson, students will investigate personality styles, and explore how their own personality style can help them at home, school, work, and other areas of their life.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
9 30 to 40 mins
  • Complete the Personality Styles quiz (the second part of Matchmaker)
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What three words would you use to describe your personality?
  • What is a personality style?
  • Why is it important to understand your personality style?
  • How does your personality affect your choices at home, school, or in the workplace?
  • How does personality develop? Is it learned or are you born with it? Do personalities change?
  • Work environment
  • Job tasks
  • Builder
  • Thinker
  • Creator
  • Helper
  • Persuader
  • Organizer

Downloadables


Study Skills and Habits

In this lesson, students will identify skills, habits, and behaviors they need to learn successfully in high school, explore potential obstacles to success in their schoolwork (such as lack of motivation, distractions, and lapses in self-confidence), and plan how to develop positive study habits and behaviors.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
9 30 to 40 mins None
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What are some good study skills and habits?
  • What techniques do you use when studying for a test?
  • Do you think people can improve their study skills? How?
  • What academic goals do you have? How will changes to your study habits help you achieve them?
  • How can good study skills and habits help you even beyond high school?
  • Focus
  • Motivation
  • Organization
  • Setting goals
  • Prioritization
  • Learning styles
  • Tactile learner
  • Visual learner
  • Auditory learner
  • Multi-method learner
  • Perseverance
  • Resilience

Downloadables


Careers and Lifestyle Costs

In this lesson, students will identify some of their most important lifestyle goals and assess whether or not they can achieve their lifestyle goals in a career that interests them.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
10 40 to 50 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What's the difference between a want and a need?
  • Why is it important to budget your money, now and as an adult?
  • What kind of life do you picture for yourself when you're older?
  • What kinds of big purchases do you plan to make as an adult? (House, apartment, vehicle, leisure items, electronics and entertainment, vacations?)
  • What happens if life throws something unexpected your way that costs a lot of money? What are some examples? How do people prepare financially for these kinds of surprises?
  • Lifestyle
  • Values
  • Trade-offs
  • Compromise
  • Work-life balance
  • Salary
  • Expenses
  • Budget
  • Gross & Net income
  • Income taxes

Downloadables


Program Prospects

In this lesson, students will distinguish between different types of postsecondary programs, such as apprenticeships and degree programs, explore career options related to different types of programs, and evaluate their program options in terms of their strengths, academic interests, and career interests.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
10 30 to 40 mins
  • Save at least 3 majors/programs
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • Are there any subjects you're thinking about studying after high school? What drew you to those subjects?
  • Where could you study these subjects? What kinds of schools/training programs can you enter after high school?
  • What might you think about when choosing a program in college or university? What's important to you in a program?
  • Which do you think you should pick first: career, program, or college/university? Why?
  • University
  • College
  • Degree program
  • Graduate program
  • Certificate
  • Diploma
  • Applied degree
  • Apprenticeship
  • Specialised program
  • Co-op program
  • Internship program
  • Concurrent program
  • Transfer program
  • Joint program
  • Online program

Downloadables


Work Values

In this lesson, students will explore their own work values, and investigate careers that they may find satisfying based on their values.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
10 30 to 40 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What is a value?
  • Where do values come from? Are they taught or are you born with them?
  • How do people demonstrate their values?
  • Describe a time your values were in conflict (e.g. loyalty to a friend vs. telling the truth). What did you do?
  • How do your values affect your career choice?
  • Intrinsic motivation
  • Extrinsic motivation
  • Power
  • Sense of belonging
  • Competition
  • Creativity
  • Teamwork
  • Self-improvement
  • Variety
  • Routine
  • Recognition
  • Challenges
  • Pressure
  • Management
  • Advancement
  • Adventure
  • Security
  • Flexibility
  • Altruism

Downloadables


Workplace Skills and Attitudes

In this lesson, students will explore skills and behaviors that employers look for, such as time management, dependability, good attitude, communication skills, problem solving, etc. Students explain why these skills and behaviors are important to various careers, how they manifest on the job, and assess their own employability skills.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
10 20 to 30 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • How is school like a job?
  • Why is it important to develop good habits and attitudes while you're in school?
  • What skills do you use at school that you'll also use in the workplace?
  • What do you think would happen if you didn't demonstrate good habits or behaviours in the workplace?
  • If you were in charge of a company what do you think you would do if someone came in late every day?
  • Transferable Skills
  • Soft Skills
  • Reliability
  • Positive attitude
  • Enthusiasm for learning
  • Ethical behavior
  • Good workplace etiquette
  • Workplace rights

Downloadables


Career Demand

In this lesson, students will learn about job projections and outlook, analyze factors that impact job demand, such as changes in technology, demographics, business practices or production methods, consumer preferences, and workplace restructuring, and explore how their career plans may be shaped by demand for a career that interests them.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
11 40 to 50 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What does career demand mean? What are employment projections?
  • What careers are in demand in your area? Why?
  • How will changes in career demand affect your career choices?
  • What jobs do you think will be hot in the future? What jobs do you think won't exist in the future?
  • What factors and forces influence the demand for careers (e.g. demographics, automation)?
  • What skills or knowledge do you think you will need to be prepared for the jobs of the future?
  • Career demand
  • Technological trends
  • Economical trends
  • Social trends
  • Demographic trends
  • Business practices
  • Consumer behaviour
  • Workplace restructuring
  • Projections
  • Job outlook

Downloadables


Choosing a College or University

In this lesson, students will identify which factors are important to them in a potential postsecondary school, and investigate how a college or university stacks up to their priorities.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
11 40 to 50 mins
  • Save at least 3 schools
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What are the differences between a college and university?
  • What's most important to you in a college or university?
  • What do you need to do now if you want to go to college or university?
  • What does an ideal college or university look like to you? (What does it have that you love? What's a deal-breaker for you in a school?)
  • When talking about your college and university options, whose opinion do you trust the most? Why?
  • College
  • University
  • Apprenticeship
  • Vocational Training
  • Confidence
  • Responsibilities
  • Admission requirements
  • Financial aid
  • School factors
  • Student life

Downloadables


Entrepreneurial Skills

In this lesson, students will identify the skills and characteristics that make entrepreneurs successful, investigate paths to becoming an entrepreneur (e.g. starting your own business, buying a franchise, etc.). Students explore the benefits and challenges of becoming an entrepreneur and investigate ways to apply entrepreneurial skills within a career that interests them (develop entrepreneurial opportunities for themselves with any career).
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
11 20 to 30 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What is an entrepreneur?
  • At what age can someone be an entrepreneur?
  • What skills does someone need to be an entrepreneur?
  • How have entrepreneurs changed how we live and work?
  • What problems exist in your community now that an entrepreneurial spirit could help solve?
  • Entrepreneur
  • Risk tolerant
  • Risk averse
  • Business model
  • Tech startup
  • Franchise
  • Private practice
  • Freelance service
  • Skilled trades business
  • eCommerce store

Downloadables


Work/Life Balance

In this lesson, students will assess how their current work (school) demands affect family life, free time, etc., identify the work demands of a career of interest, and explore strategies for maintaining a healthy life-work balance now and in the future.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
11 30 to 40 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What do you think work/life balance means?
  • Is work/life balance important to you?
  • What does a balanced lifestyle look like to you?
  • What roles and responsibilities are you balancing right now in your life? What roles and responsibilities do you think you'll have to balance as you get older?
  • Why do you think many people struggle with work/life balance?
  • Mental health
  • Physical health
  • Stress
  • Balance
  • Demand
  • Prioritize
  • Work hours
  • Overtime
  • On call
  • Work travel

Downloadables


Career Backup Plans

In this lesson, students will understand the importance of career backup plans, and explore potential backup careers for themselves.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
12 30 to 40 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • Describe a time you had to resort to a backup plan.
  • Do you think there's only one suitable career for a person?
  • Why is a backup career plan important?
  • What kinds of obstacles may prevent you from achieving your first-choice career?
  • Agree or disagree: Planning for a backup career means you won't be as driven to achieve your first-choice career.
  • Career-related skills
  • Transferable skills
  • Obstacles
  • Limiting factors
  • Alternate routes

Downloadables


Career Path Choices

In this lesson, students will understand the career development is a process of constant change, that flexibility and adaptability can help them continually explore their career options, and the importance of re-evaluating their interests, skills, etc. in order to identify the need or desire for a career change.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
12 30 - 40 mins
  • Add at least 5 interests in About Me
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What is a career path? Do you picture a "path" as more of a ladder with one way to the top, or as a trellis with lots of ways to progress?
  • What are some reasons a person might change careers?
  • What factors do you think will have the biggest impact on your career opportunities in the future?
  • Are there some education or training paths that could prepare you to work in many careers? Would this be a factor as you choose a learning path after high school?
  • Why do you think people worry about getting ""stuck"" in a career?
  • Transferable skills
  • Career factors
  • Work values
  • Career demand

Downloadables


Defining Success

In this lesson, students will explore what success means to them in various aspects of life, including their personal life, school, and career, and explore ways they can make a difference and achieve success in a career that interests them.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
12 20 to 30 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • What does it mean to be successful?
  • Describe the most successful person you know. What makes them successful?
  • What characteristics or experiences do successful people have in common?
  • Why do many people consider wealth a measure of success?
  • What advice have you received/read about the secret to success?
  • Motivation
  • Career goals
  • Personal goals
  • School goals
  • Success traits
  • Determination
  • Passion
  • Empathy
  • Resilience
  • Curiosity
  • Cooperation

Downloadables


Job Interviews

In this lesson, students will explore ways to prepare for a job interview, describe their own abilities and qualifications in the context of an interview, investigate job interview questions in the context of a career that interests them, and explore appropriate post-interview behaviors and actions.
Recommended Grade Estimated Time Prerequisites
12 40 to 50 mins
  • Save at least 3 careers
Discussion Prompts Vocabulary
  • How do you make a good impression?
  • What's the purpose of a job interview?
  • How can you prepare for a job interview?
  • What questions do you think you might be asked in a job interview?
  • How do you think you could handle your nerves during an interview?
  • What questions would you ask in a job interview if you were hiring someone?
  • Pitch
  • Etiquette
  • Hard skills
  • Soft / Transferable skills

Downloadables

Still need help? Contact Us Contact Us